In the field of industrial robots, there are many classifications of robots, including four-axis robots and six-axis robots. The literal understanding of six-axis is only two more than four-axis, but the difference between them is not so simple.
The four-axis robot, also called "SCARA robot", refers to the selective assembly of articulated robotic arms, that is, the arm part of the four-axis robot can move freely in a geometric plane.
The first two joints of the SCARA robot can freely rotate left and right on the horizontal plane. The third joint consists of a metal rod called a quill and a holder. The metal rod can move up and down in a vertical plane or rotate around its vertical axis, but it cannot be tilted.
This unique design makes the four-axis robots have strong rigidity, so that they are capable of high-speed and high-repetitive work. In packaging applications, four-axis robots are good at high-speed pick-and-place and other material handling tasks.
Six-axis robots Six-axis robots have two more joints than four-axis robots, so they have more "degrees of freedom of action." The first joint of a six-axis robot can rotate freely in the horizontal plane like a four-axis robot, and the latter two joints can move in a vertical plane.
In addition, the six-axis robot has one "arm" and two "wrist" joints, which gives it the capabilities of a human arm and wrist.
The more joints of six-axis robots means that they can pick up any parts on the horizontal plane and put them into the packaged products at a special angle. Six-axis robots can also perform many operations that can only be completed by skilled workers, such as automated packaging by robots, and integration and application of robotic technology on packaging production lines.
Four-axis robots and six-axis robots are equipment that can replace humans in the production process. In fact, they are not as complicated, dangerous and costly as some people imagine. On the contrary, they are very simple and safe, and they may also be economical. Advantage.